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Iran Prepares for Leadership Transition After President Raisi’s Tragic Death

Iran is bracing for a shift in leadership following the tragic helicopter crash that claimed the life of President Ebrahim Raisi, with Mohammad Mokhber, the first vice president, expected to step in as his successor. The Iranian constitution outlines that the first vice president assumes the presidency in the event of the president’s death, dismissal, resignation, absence, or extended illness.

Raisi’s untimely demise, along with Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian and other officials, occurred as he neared the completion of his first four-year presidential term.

Mokhber’s temporary ascension to the presidency awaits approval from Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who holds the final say in all state matters.

According to the constitution, presidential elections to select a permanent replacement must be held within 50 days. A council composed of the parliament speaker, head of the judiciary, and the vice president will oversee the organization of these elections.

Born in Dezful city in the southwestern province of Khuzestan, Mokhber, aged 68, has held various official positions in his hometown. Since 2007, he has chaired the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order, a governmental organization managing properties confiscated after the 1979 Islamic revolution. Over the years, this foundation has evolved into a significant state economic conglomerate with investments in various sectors.

Iran conducts presidential elections every four years since the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1980, with a two-term limit imposed on presidents. Unlike other systems, Iran lacks the position of prime minister, with the president, supported by multiple vice presidents, responsible for appointing and leading the cabinet.

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